In dentistry, you are confronted with a wide range of clinical pictures which might have serious consequences for the physical health of the patient. The treatment measures taken are unpleasant and can lead to a permanent impairment in the quality of life for the patient. The symptoms can often be traced back to a germ attack, which is usually treated with the removal of infested tissue and/or the use of medicaments. Plasma therapy might offer an alternative or supplement that is gentle in its application.
The preventive notion in plasma therapy of germ reduction in the oral cavity can help prevent caries-related, extensive dental procedures. The life span of the dental substance can be extended significantly, for example, by a regular treatment with the plasma-mouthtray, and the tooth stays longer vital.
With the appearance of initial caries, however, the treatment usually involves the remineralisation of the dental emanel. The remineralisation is additionally stimulated by the application of plasma. At the same time, the caries bacteria are killed with plasma even in hard-to-reach regions like fissures, fillings and brackets.
In case of an advanced caries, however, the affected tooth is drilled and tissue beyond the necrotic area has to be removed with the use of traditional means. In plasma medicine, the necrotic tissue along with the smear layer must still be removed. But. still healthy dental substance stays largely intact, since its infestation with pioneer germs can be treated wth the supply of plasma.
Both periodontitis and peri-implantitis are caused by a bacterial infection. While periodontitis affects the periodontium, the implant bed is compromised in peri-implantitis. In both cases, the disease is characterised by bleeding at the gums, with a progressive regression of the gingiva to the loss of teeth and the implants respectively.
The treatment is usually done by cleaning the gingival pockets with a bactericidal agent and in certain cases by the additional administration of antibiotics. However, the antibiotic might lead to an allergic reaction in some patients. In addition, the treatment is hampered by the emergence of bacterial strains with an antibiotic resistance making the treatment ineffective in the worst case.
The plasma therapy might provide a remedy. Even with a severe periodontitis or peri-implantitis, plasma therapy can play a supportive role in addition to the traditional measures in the treatment of the infection. And with regular, accompanying plasma therapy, the healing process can be supported and sped up.